Optoelectron. Semicond. Tech. 58, 63-91 (2023)

M.V. Popovych, A.V. Stronski, L.O. Revutska


Structural properties of chalcogenide glasses mainly on the example of binary As-S(Se) and Ge-S(Se) systems

and ternary Ge-As-S(Se) systems, structural models, parameters of short range order of glasses obtained using

diffraction methods, EXAFS and Raman spectroscopy are considered. Raman spectra of binary As-S(Se) and Ge-S(Se)

systems and ternary Ge-As-S(Se) systems, structural models that are used for interpretation of Raman spectroscopy

results are considered. Optical properties of chalcogenide glasses and optical absorption edge in binary and

multicomponent systems are discussed. The refractive index and its wavelength dependence, other optical properties are

among important parameters that determine the suitability of materials as optical media. Refractive and absorption

indexes, optical band gap of chalcogenide glasses can be changed by doping of different elements. The results suggest a

combined effect of chemical ordering and topological in such glasses (parameters dependence on average coordination

number, composition, nanophase separation, etc.). Importance of study of interrelation of structural and physico-

chemical properties is stated. As frequently pointed out by various researchers, chalcogenide glasses are promising

materials for various applications because they are transparent over a wide range of wavelengths in the infrared region,

they possess high linear and non-linear refractive indices, number of photoinduced effects, low phonon energies and are

easy to fabricate. Applications of chalcogenide glasses cover wide range, among them: IR optics, recording and storage

of information, xerography, thermoplastic and holographic media, inorganic resists, optical filters, diffraction optical

elements, non-linear elements, fiber and integrated optics, etc. Composition-structure-properties correlations are

convenient to tailor the physical, optical and other properties of chalcogenide glasses and provide an important

reference for the further development of new chalcogenide glasses taking into account their possible applications.

Keywords: chalcogenide glasses, structural properties, optical properties, photonics applications


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М.В.Попович, О.В.Стронський, Л.О. Ревуцька


Розглянуто стан вивчення структури халькогенідних стекол (ХС) на прикладі бінарних систем As-S(Se),

Ge-S(Se) і потрійних систем Ge-As-S(Se) та структурні моделі, параметри ближнього порядку стекол з

використанням дифракційних методів та комбінаційного розсіювання світла (КР) в ХС. Розглянуто спектри КР

бінарних стекол систем As-S(Se), Ge-S(Se) та потрійних стекол складу Ge-As-S(Se) і структурні моделі, що

використовуються для інтерпретації результатів спектроскопії комбінаційного розсіювання. Обговорено

оптичні властивості халькогенідних стекол та край оптичного поглинання в бінарних халькогенідах і в

багатокомпонентних системах. Зазначено важливість вивчення фізико-хімічних властивостей стекол та їх

взаємозв’язку зі структурою ХС. Застосування халькогенідних стекол у практиці охоплюють широке коло,

серед яких: ІЧ- оптика, запис та зберігання інформації, ксерографічні, термопластичні і голографічні середовища,

фоторезисти, оптичні сенсори, оптичні фільтри, дифракційні оптичні елементи, нелінійні елементи,

тонкоплівкові хвилеводи тощо.

Ключові слова: халькогенідні стекла, структурні властивості, оптичні властивості.